National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005: People in rural areas of the country are unskilled and are mainly into manual labor. Manual labor in India does not pay much and is just enough to feed the family. Although manual work is far more tiring and laborious the wage for such laborers is not much.
A person, who does manual work such as help in building a wall or an entire building, gets paid INR 300 per day. This is the average pay for such a difficult task. There are certain sectors that pay INR 50 per day as well such as cottage industries that manufacture ‘beedi’.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005
• An average person, who has four members in the family, requires at least INR 15,000 so that they live well, eat well and get a quality education. With INR 50 per day, survival is very difficult. Keeping in mind the above factors, the government of India introduced a scheme, which was initiated by PV Narasimha Rao and is known as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005.
• This law aims to provide guaranteed work to every adult living in rural areas. The main focus is on ‘right to work’.
• It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work
• This is known as one of the major projects that were taken up by the government that led to the development of the country in a true sense.
• Another aim of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds, and wells).
• The scheme also provides the benefit of providing work within 5 km range of the applicant’s residence. If this is not provided then the applicant is provided with unemployment allowance, within 15 days of applying.
• All the Gram Panchayats are supposed to abide by the law and implement it. Takes such as creating infrastructure for water harvesting, drought relief, and flood control are preferred.
• This led to the empowerment of rural women, preserving the environment, reduction in people migrating from rural areas to urban cities and creating a sense of social equality amongst people.
• There are many provisions to safeguard the rights of people who apply under this scheme. The act explicitly mentions the principles and agencies for implementation, list of allowed works, financing pattern, monitoring and evaluation, and most importantly the detailed measures to ensure transparency and accountability.
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National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005
The other information on work that is requested and allocated work is required to be stated and maintain in the JC and Employment Register entries also. This is the schedule of NREF defines under its acts.
Features of NREG:
- The act of NREF provides the 100 days of the surety of wage employment in the field of the financial year to a rural household and whose adult members are volunteer to conduct the unskilled manual work.
- In this scheme, 100 out of 10 peoples are proposed for the job and they will be reserved only for women.
- This NREG scheme can only be primarily started in 200 different districts. After that, the NREG scheme will be further conducted into 600 districts successfully.
- If the member who applied for it cannot be employed within 15 days, then they will be entitled to a daily unemployment field of allowance.
- All the adult members of the village which has a poor household and they are willing to do manual work such as the right to demand employment.
- This type of household needs to apply registration entries to the Gram Panchayat.
Goals of NREG act:
Normally, every individual act has its specific goals and aims to be achieved and successfully covered. The NREG Act was also integrated and inherited with its aim and goals.
NREG also provides different facilities and those are came under the specific acts.
The different goals of NREG’s are:
- The important goal is to provide social protection and security for the most needed people who are living in poor locations or villages of India and by providing employment opportunities to them they can also live healthy and wealthy.
- The use of the NREG act sets the employments, improved water security and pollutions, soil conservation and pollutions, and higher land productivity and development.
- To build and have efficient drought-proofing and flood management sectors in rural locations of India.
- Empowerment of the socially is a main and real disadvantage is any people can get, especially women, Scheduled Castes that are SCS and Schedules Tribes that are STs, using the processes of rights and registration for plans.
- Strengthening and decentralized lands, participatory planning by using the convergence of different anti-poverty and livelihood initiatives and planning.
- The developing democracy at the roots by exploding Panchayati Raj Institutions and sectors.
- Effecting and improving the greater transparency factor and accountability sector in governance.
Funding of NREG:
- Central Government provides the 100% of wages for unskilled types of manual works, and 75% of the needed material cost of the schemes which includes the payment of wages to both types of workers that are, skilled and semi-skilled workers.
- State Government provides 25% of material which includes the payment of wages to both such as skilled and semi-skilled workers and their payment amount. Other 100% of the unemployment allowance also provided by the state government, in cases of emergency.
Time to criteria of the NREG work:
In schedule1, the act of latest NREG defines that it is opened for the GP for any person no matter if they are men or women, who wants to apply for employment and they want to join to do work of any type under the NREG Act.
Such schemes lead to the actual development of the country because it provides unskilled people the right to work. The work isn’t just for monetary benefits but also aims at providing better infrastructure, preservation of the environment and also builds the confidence of people living in rural areas.