National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005: People in rural areas of the country are unskilled and are mainly into manual labor. Manual labor in India does not pay much and is just enough to feed the family. Although manual work is far more tiring and laborious the wage for such laborers is not much.
A person, who does manual work such as help in building a wall or an entire building, gets paid INR 300 per day. This is the average pay for such a difficult task. There are certain sectors that pay INR 50 per day as well such as cottage industries that manufacture ‘beedi’.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005
• An average person, who has four members in the family, requires at least INR 15,000 so that they live well, eat well and get a quality education. With INR 50 per day, survival is very difficult. Keeping in mind the above factors, the government of India introduced a scheme, which was initiated by PV Narasimha Rao and is known as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005.
• This law aims to provide guaranteed work to every adult living in rural areas. The main focus is on ‘right to work’.
• It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work
• This is known as one of the major projects that were taken up by the government that led to the development of the country in a true sense.
• Another aim of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds, and wells).
• The scheme also provides the benefit of providing work within 5 km range of the applicant’s residence. If this is not provided then the applicant is provided with unemployment allowance, within 15 days of applying.
• All the Gram Panchayats are supposed to abide by the law and implement it. Takes such as creating infrastructure for water harvesting, drought relief, and flood control are preferred.
• This led to the empowerment of rural women, preserving the environment, reduction in people migrating from rural areas to urban cities and creating a sense of social equality amongst people.
• There are many provisions to safeguard the rights of people who apply under this scheme. The act explicitly mentions the principles and agencies for implementation, list of allowed works, financing pattern, monitoring and evaluation, and most importantly the detailed measures to ensure transparency and accountability.
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Such schemes lead to the actual development of the country because it provides unskilled people the right to work. The work isn’t just for monetary benefits but also aims at providing better infrastructure, preservation of the environment and also builds the confidence of people living in rural areas.