The reason behind introducing ‘Namami Gange Programme: Ganga or can say Gange is the largest river of India, Gange provides water almost 41% of India’s population which is more than any other river in the world. Ganga poses significant menace to human health and the larger environment.
Severely polluted with human waste and industrial polluting substances. Due to this today, Ganga is considered 6th most populated river in the world. Because of this worst condition several projects introduced but eventually all get failed due to less attention by the committee formed to protect Ganga.
Namami Gange Programme
Ultimately considering this worst scenario prime minister started the announced new project called ‘Namami Gange Programme’. An estimated Rs 2,958 Crores have been spent until July 2016 in various efforts in cleaning up of the river. Visit Here.
Main causes of water pollution:
There are many causes of water pollution of Ganga but the three biggest causes are human waste, industrial waste religious tradition.
Human waste: The river flows through approx. 32 cities and about 48 towns.
Industrial waste: Countless tanneries, chemical plants, on the bank of the Ganga a large number of industrial cities, textile mills, distilleries, slaughterhouses, and hospitals prosper and grow along with this and contribute to the pollution of the Ganga by dumping dangerous waste into it.
Also, the power plant ash is dumped into ponds from which a slurry is filtered, mixed with domestic wastewater, and then released into the Pandu River which meets Ganga.
Religious tradition: In festival seasons, over 60-80 million people baths in the Ganga to clean themselves. Some materials like food, waste or leaves are left in the Ganga which is responsible for its pollution.
Traditional beliefs hold that being cremated on its banks and to float down the Ganga will atone for the sins of those who die and carry them directly to salvation.
Main supports of the Namami Gange Programme are:
- Sewerage treatments infrastructure.
- Riverfront development.
- River surface cleaning.
- Public awareness.
- Industrial effluent monitoring.
- Ganga gram.
- Other parties.
How much Ganga has been cleaned?
Following are the major achievements of Namami Gange Programme:
- Nearly 14 crore liters/day of sewage water from Sisamau Nala to Ganga river has been stopped.
- All 4465 villages on the bank of river Ganga have been made open defecation free.
- 10 lakh individual household toilets have been constructed on the banks of river Ganga.
- A total of 254 projects worth Rs 24672 crore in progress for river rejuvenation.
- 6 major STPs projects are underway.
- Riverfront development works at 145 Ghats and 53 Crematoria are in progress.
- 11 trash skimmers have been deployed for river surface cleaning.
- Out of 961 GPI (Gross polluting industries) inspected, action has been taken against 209 non-complying units.
Namami Gange Programme: Know Everything About it! – mcg.nic.in
The Ganga River Action Plan was developed with its important objectives of pollution settlement of the river Ganga. This is very serious issue that Ganga is polluted by the Industrial chemicals and dirty water. But the NGP plan help to get rid of that.
Key Points of NGP:
- The NGP project will be completed by the year 2020.
- NGP is an integrated project and it will help to population of India which is dependent on Ganga.
- The NGP project was initially allocated for the budget of 2037 crores.
- Many industries discharge the waste directly into the river and then the water gets dirty. So there are near about 48 industries are shut down.
- In the coming year that 2021 the Rs. 20,000 would be allocated to making Ganga clean and holy again.
- The employees of the previous government also state some measure issues but they failed to solve it but the Namami Ganga project has strict rules and they work properly.
- The NGP project will give the local youth employment and ways to make the money. The people who are dependent on the river for fishing will see lots of differences.
- Now the banks of Ganga River will be free for open defecation. Anyone can provide help using those accounts.
- Now Namami Ganga and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan both work together in the case.
Plans of NGP to cleaning:
- The government will apply the bio-remediation systems and its techniques to treat wastewater. By using this method, the industries can also work side by side so the water will not pollute.
- For water pollution control, the government is planning to use and follow the new PPP approach that is a public-private partnership approach.
- If in case the sewage goes into the river, then the government needs to face it to avoid and make the other way for it. So they save the water from entering using new methodologies and technologies.
- The government also provides an introduction to sewage treatment plants to treat the sewage entering inside.
With the help of all this NGP can provide help to cleaning the river.
The need for NGP:
- The River Ganga has specific economic value, such as the environmental and other cultural values in India.
- To control non-point polluted from agricultural locations, human defecation, throwing of unburnt bodies of animals and half-burnt body’s humans into the river.
- To research and develop to save the biotic, diversity of the river and its productivity and development.
- The new technology of treatment like Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket that is UASBand sewage treatment using forestation is successfully developed.
- The recovery of resources of options such as the production of methane for energy generation industrial area and extra use of aquaculture for revenue is demonstrated.
- To providing similar action planning in other grossly polluted places in other rivers.
Important reasons for planning:
The main reasons for planning’s are,
- To reduce pollution and improve the quality of water with the help of interception.
- Diversion and treatment of polluted wastage and domestic sewage.
- To specify the grossly polluting units to reduce their toxic and other types of industrial chemical wastes from mixed with water of the river.
With the help of this NGP program, everyone understands the main uses and causes of polluted rivers such as Ganga and they can understand how to solve it.