Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission 2020: Before the year 2000, the Indian government, as well as corporate offices, did not have the well-managed infrastructure.
They used to depend on manual drainage systems, had improper sanitation, no management of solid waste, broken road network, lack of transportation facilities which made it very difficult for employed people to work efficiently.
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission 2020
Taking the above factors in mind, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh started a scheme known as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), that targeted the development of poor cities and developing the infrastructure of existing ones.
To provide equal opportunities to all is also one of the missions of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. Other major objectives include:
- This mission covers focused attention relating to infrastructural services in the context of integrated development.
- Increase the efficiency of self-sustaining capabilities of cities as per the sector proving infrastructural services by securing the linkages between asset creation and asset management.
- Ensure adequate investment of funds to fulfill deficiencies in the urban infrastructural services.
- Planned development of identified cities including peri-urban areas, outgrowths, urban corridors, so that urbanization takes place in a dispersed manner.
- Scale up delivery of civic amenities and provision of utilities with a major focus on universal access to urban poor.
- To take up urban renewal programme, i.e., re-development of inner (old) cities area to reduce congestion.
- Provision of basic services to the minority community including security of tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply, and sanitation, and ensuring delivery of other existing universal services of the government for education, health, and social security.
- Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) mission started in the year 2005 and was supposed to last for five years; however, later on, it was extended to two more years. State level agencies provide the required funds for building and maintenance of infrastructure.
- By motivating people to come up with strategies related to the development of infrastructure as well as rural cities, the government is building more options for companies as well as is building confidence and trust in them.
- The share of grant funding by the central government can vary from 35% in the largest cities to up to 90% in cities in the Northeast. Most cities receive grants covering 50% or 80% of costs depending on size. Capacity building is also a part of the mission to assist urban local bodies to prepare strategies and projects.
At the moment, there are 10 projects that are running via this scheme that includes, road network, stormwater drains, bus rapid transit system, water supply, solid waste management, sewage treatment, river and lake improvement, slum improvement and rehabilitation.