Janani Suraksha Yojana 2020: Motherhood is a never-ending phase and yet it is a beautiful one. When a woman is pregnant, that is the time, she must be taken care of in the best possible way.
The entire body of a woman changes when she conceives a baby and till the time of delivery it keeps on changing. There are hormonal changes that occur and sometimes it needs medical attention as well.
This is a very sensitive time because there are two lives involved at the same time. Any harm caused to the mother can affect the baby adversely.
Janani Suraksha Yojana 2020
About the scheme:
• In India, many women who live in rural areas and even in urban parts of the country, are deprived of basic rights. Given the fact that most of them are uneducated, they don’t know what type of medical attention they need when they are pregnant with a baby.
• Even after the baby’s birth, there is a list of vaccines that are required which parents aren’t aware of.
• The worst part is when the mother is single because Indian society does not accept motherhood without a father in the play. Keeping the above factors in mind, the government of India came up with a scheme that targets reducing maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women.
• The Janani SukrakshaYojaanascheme is implemented in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on LPS.
• Initially, the only benefit of this Janani SukrakshaYojaana was to provide financial aid to mothers who were 19 or above and this was allowed for 2 children per women; however, this was amended in the year 2005 in order to provide medical assistance and many other benefits to expectant mothers as well as new mothers.
• The scheme focuses on the poor pregnant woman with special compensation for states that have low institutional delivery rates namely the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa and Jammu, and Kashmir.
• Each woman and infant registered under this Yojana should have a JSY card along with an MCH card. ASHA/AWW/ any other identified link worker under the overall supervision of the ANM and the MO, PHC should mandatorily prepare a micro-birth plan. This will effectively help in monitoring Antenatal Check-up, and post-delivery care.
• BPL Certification – This is required in all High Performing states. However, where BPL cards have not yet been issued or updated, States/UTs formulate a simple criterion for certification of poor and needy status of the expectant mother’s family by empowering the ward member.
• The stats reflect that around 50,000 expectant mothers die every year due to lack of proper medical assistance at the time of childbirth.
• A more frightening fact here is that around 13 lakh infants die within 1 year of their birth and out of this many dies within 1 week of their birth. These stats are alarming which is why the government came up with a scheme that targeted at helping mothers as well as infants. (Janani Suraksha Yojana 2020)