The reason behind introducing ‘Namami Gange Programme: Ganga or can say Gange is the largest river of India, Gange provides water almost 41% of India’s population which is more than any other river in the world. Ganga poses significant menace to human health and the larger environment.
Severely polluted with human waste and industrial polluting substances. Due to this today, Ganga is considered 6th most populated river in the world. Because of this worst condition several projects introduced but eventually all get failed due to less attention by the committee formed to protect Ganga.
Namami Gange Programme
Ultimately considering this worst scenario prime minister started the announced new project called ‘Namami Gange Programme’. An estimated Rs 2,958 Crores have been spent until July 2016 in various efforts in cleaning up of the river. Visit Here.
Main causes of water pollution:
There are many causes of water pollution of Ganga but the three biggest causes are human waste, industrial waste religious tradition.
Human waste: The river flows through approx. 32 cities and about 48 towns.
Industrial waste: Countless tanneries, chemical plants, on the bank of the Ganga a large number of industrial cities, textile mills, distilleries, slaughterhouses, and hospitals prosper and grow along with this and contribute to the pollution of the Ganga by dumping dangerous waste into it.
Also, the power plant ash is dumped into ponds from which a slurry is filtered, mixed with domestic wastewater, and then released into the Pandu River which meets Ganga.
Religious tradition: In festival seasons, over 60-80 million people baths in the Ganga to clean themselves. Some materials like food, waste or leaves are left in the Ganga which is responsible for its pollution.
Traditional beliefs hold that being cremated on its banks and to float down the Ganga will atone for the sins of those who die and carry them directly to salvation.
Main supports of the Namami Gange Programme are:
- Sewerage treatments infrastructure
- Riverfront development
- River surface cleaning
- Public awareness
- Industrial effluent monitoring
- Ganga gram
How much Ganga has been cleaned?
Following are the major achievements of Namami Gange Programme:
- Nearly 14 crore liters/day of sewage water from Sisamau Nala to Ganga river has been stopped
- All 4465 villages on the bank of river Ganga have been made open defecation free.
- 10 lakh individual household toilets have been constructed on the banks of river Ganga
- A total of 254 projects worth Rs 24672 crore in progress for river rejuvenation.
- 6 major STPs projects are underway.
- Riverfront development works at 145 Ghats and 53 Crematoria are in progress
- 11 trash skimmers have been deployed for river surface cleaning.
- Out of 961 GPI (Gross polluting industries) inspected, action has been taken against 209 non-complying units.